Juvenile Crimes as described in the Penal Code of Texas
(a) Subject to Subsection (d), a local juvenile justice information system must consist of:
(1) information relating to all referrals to the juvenile court of any type, including referrals for conduct indicating a need for supervision and delinquent conduct; and
(2) information relating to:
(A) the juvenile;
(B) the intake or referral of the juvenile into the juvenile justice system for any offense or conduct;
(C) the detention of the juvenile;
(D) the prosecution of the juvenile;
(E) the disposition of the juvenile's case, including the name and description of any program to which the juvenile is referred; and
(F) the probation, placement, or commitment of the juvenile.
(b) To the extent possible and subject to Subsections (a) and (d), the local juvenile justice information system may include the following information for each juvenile taken into custody, detained, or referred under this title:
(1) the juvenile's name, including other names by which the juvenile is known;
(2) the juvenile's date and place of birth;
(3) the juvenile's physical description, including sex, weight, height, race, ethnicity, eye color, hair color, scars, marks, and tattoos;
(4) the juvenile's state identification number and other identifying information;
(5) the juvenile's fingerprints and photograph;
(6) the juvenile's last known residential address, including the census tract number designation for the address;
(7) the name, address, and phone number of the juvenile's parent, guardian, or custodian;
(8) the name and identifying number of the agency that took into custody or detained the juvenile;
(9) each date of custody or detention;
(10) a detailed description of the conduct for which the juvenile was taken into custody, detained, or referred, including the level and degree of the alleged offense;
(11) the name and identifying number of the juvenile intake agency or juvenile probation office;
(12) each disposition by the juvenile intake agency or juvenile probation office;
(13) the date of disposition by the juvenile intake agency or juvenile probation office;
(14) the name and identifying number of the prosecutor's office;
(15) each disposition by the prosecutor;
(16) the date of disposition by the prosecutor;
(17) the name and identifying number of the court;
(18) each disposition by the court, including information concerning custody of a juvenile by a juvenile justice agency or county juvenile probation department;
(19) the date of disposition by the court;
(20) any commitment or release under supervision by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, including the date of the commitment or release;
(21) information concerning each appellate proceeding; and
(22) electronic copies of all documents filed with the court.
(c) If the Department of Public Safety assigns a state identification number for the juvenile, the identification number shall be entered in the local juvenile information system.
(d) Information obtained for the purpose of diagnosis, examination, evaluation, or treatment or for making a referral for treatment of a child by a public or private agency or institution providing supervision of a child by arrangement of the juvenile court or having custody of the child under order of the juvenile court may not be collected under Subsection (a) or (b).
How we Handle Juvenile Defense Cases
Illegal acts committed by someone between the ages of seven and 15 can result in a young person being declared a juvenile delinquent if found responsible for committing a crime. A person who is a juvenile delinquent is considered to be in need of confinement, supervision, and/or treatment.
All juvenile delinquency cases are heard in a family court, rather than a criminal court. The violation of the law is referred to not as a crime, but instead as a delinquent act. This is true whether the young person is accused of violating drug laws; shoplifting; committing an assault offense; or engaging in other unlawful activities.
If a teen between the ages of 13 and 15 commits a serious and/or violent offense, the case may be heard in Supreme Court instead of in family court. If convicted, the teen is not considered a juvenile delinquent, but is considered a juvenile offender. The penalties for a juvenile offender typically include incarceration if convicted, often in a prison that also holds adult offenders. Once a teen is 16, he is no longer considered a juvenile for criminal justice purposes and he will be tried exactly as if he was an adult.